Nucleon-Antinucleon Interaction Laboratory

Researchers of the laboratory are collaborating to the experiment of the European Centre for Antiproton and Ion Research (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research - FAIR, Darmstadt, Germany) and to the PANDA detector (anti-Proton Annihilations at Darmstadt), located on the High Energy Storage Ring (HESR). Currently, the preparation of this experiment involves more than 400 researchers from 17 countries, including Russian physicists from leading institutes of Physics.

A large number of different particles, including so-called exotic particles, composed of quarks, will be produced by this experiment by the collision of a proton or of a nuclear target with a high-intensity monochromatic beam of antiprotons at energies up to 15 GeV. The experiment will allow studying the properties of hadrons and to clarify their physical characteristics. The data obtained will allow verifying existing theoretical interpretation of elementary particles interactions and will enable to further develop the theory. Within the next 20 years PANDA will be the unique experiment in the world using high-energy antiproton beams. Launch of the experiment is planned for 2021.

Fields of research and development of the laboratory:

  •  Development of a forward Cherenkov rings detector for particle identification - Forward RICH (Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector) in the forward spectrometer of the PANDA detector. In the Forward Rich a unique nanomaterial will be used - silica aerogel, produced by the Institute of Catalysis of the SB RAS and the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the SB RAS. An important requirement for Cherenkov rings detector using aerogel is that aerogel radiator must have a good transparency, which particularly depends on the quality of the surface of the blocks of aerogel. A method for polishing the surface of the blocks of aerogel with little lost in transmittance was developed.
  •  Participation, together with German universities and institutions, in the development within the frame of the PANDA experiment of a Cherenkov detector used for particle identification: EndcapDisk DIRC (Detection of InternallyReflected Cherenkov light).
  •  Modelling of physical processes in the PANDA detector: birth, decay and reconstruction of exotic charged hadrons containing a charm quark pair.
Numerical modeling of radiation conditions in the PANDA experiment and evaluation of the radiation dose rate by the photosensors and the electronics of the Forward RICH detector.
The laboratory is a part of The Interdisciplinary Centre for Particle Physics and Astrophysics

Partners of the laboratory in Germany: Philips Digital Photon Counting, Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen, FAIR/GSI.

Expert in this field:  PhD in physics and mathematics Alexander Blinov,

Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branh of the Russian Academy of Sciences