Research About Pregnancy with COVID-19 Presented at ISSC-2022

Fr om April 10 to 20, the International Student Scientific Conference-2022 (ISSC), the largest annual youth conference in Siberia, was conducted. More than 2,000 people took part in the 60th anniversary of ISSC. This year there were 47 sections and 145 subsections, where graduate students, young scientists, and schoolchildren were able to present their work. Unlike the previous two years, the ISSC-2022 was held in person, although there were  remote participants from Italy, Poland, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Uzbekistan. 

NSU Vice-Rector for Research Activities Dmitry Churkin discussed the event, 

When you come together in person there is a feeling of celebration. The combination of formats allows you to expand the possibilities for the conference to attract participants and organize optimal conditions for their participation in the event. As a result, it was possible to provide face-to-face participation for more than 1.5 thousand people and remote participation for students from 22 regions of Russia as well as foreign countries. Despite the on-going epidemiological situation, there were more participants this year than in the previous 2 years, which indicates a demand for ISSC. 

Dozens of papers on various topics were presented in the Medicine section: ischemic stroke, diabetes mellitus, vascular surgery and, of course, research on COVID-19. Ekaterina Kolegina, a student at the NSU V. Zelman`s Institute of Medicine and Psychology, spoke at the Clinical Medicine subsection about her work, “The Course of Pregnancy During COVID-19”. 

Kolegina shared her thoughts,

We began our research when the COVID-19 pandemic began. Unfortunately, the virus did not spare pregnant women and newborns. The clinical site wh ere I conducted the study specialized in providing medical care to pregnant women with suspected or confirmed coronavirus infection. At that time, we did not know what the consequences might be for the mother and baby so my supervisor and I decided to assess the course of pregnancy with coronavirus infection, identify the features of the birth process with this infection, and determine the possibility of intrauterine infection of the fetus (transmission of the virus from mother to child through the umbilical cord and the placenta, one of the main natural barriers that protect the baby in utero). The conference was wonderful with a friendly atmosphere. There was a lot of interesting and clinically significant work. My research was well received, there were quite a few questions but I think this is due to the information I presented in an accessible way.

At the end of her speech, Kolegina said that coronavirus infection can cause a threat of early termination of pregnancy, exacerbate kidney and bladder infections, and provoke the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (increased blood glucose levels during pregnancy). Also, the possibility of intrauterine infection of the fetus is not excluded. However, the research comes to the conclusion that the percentage of complications from COVID-19 does not exceed the general population among uninfected pregnant women.

Earlier we talked about SESC NSU students that studied the effect of stress. And NSU scientist confirmed the relationship between cardiac troponin and mortality after heart surgery.